Causes of Eyebrow
Hair Loss & Thinning

Eyebrows frame the face and draw attention to the eyes and represent the first facial structures we look at as a society and thus have a significant impact on a person’s appearance.  It has an important role in human communication and facial expression. 

Eyebrow hair can vary according to ethnicity, with Asians possessing thinner, very straight-growing hairs and African possessing thicker hair with an extensive curt.

Men and women have distinguishing differences in their eyebrow. Men typically have thicker eyebrows that are horizontal. Whereas women have a more delicate and more elegant defined shape.

Eyebrow Hair Loss in Women

The eyebrow shape has a significant impact on a person’s appearance and look. Eyebrow hair loss is very noticeable because eyebrows are a prominent facial feature and this is why so many women feel distressed if they experience the loss of their eyebrows. Identify the reason of hair loss is the first step in treating the condition.

What are the most common causes for eyebrow hair loss? Repeated tweezing can cause eyebrow loss.

  1. Normal aging process
  2. Nutritional deficiencies.
  3. Congenital causes
  4. Trauma, burn, auto-accident, chemical or electrical burns
  5. Radiation or chemotherapy
  6. Medical: Autoimmune or systemic disease or hormonal changes that occur during menopause and pregnancy can cause eyebrow loss.
  7. Thinning of eyebrows can be a late sign of hypothyroidism.
  8. Obsessive Compulsive Plucking referred to as trichotillomania
  9. After laser for eyebrow tattoo removal; It is Temporal hair loss as the hair follicle is deeper in skin so, unlikely to be destroyed by the laser for tattoo removal. But, always a small risk.

Eyebrow loss for temporal reason like plucking or hormonal changes, can regrow after 6- 8 weeks by its own. However, we do need to speed the process or stimulate the growth in more permanent eyebrow hair loss cases where the disorder permanently damage the hair follicles. Consistent eyebrow removal can eventually lead to diminish growth, thinning eyebrow and dormant follicles, especially after the age of 40s.

Symptoms of Eyebrow Hair Loss:

The symptoms include hair thinning, bald patches or total hair loss within the eyebrow area. Hypothyroidism typically causes loss to the outer 2/3 of the eyebrow. Redness, itching or scaling often accompanies eyebrow loss from skin infections. Hair will appear broken at skin level when a fungal infection is the cause. Eyebrow loss from repeated plucking or tweezing is limited to areas where hair removal occurred.

Thinning Eyebrows or Sparse Eyebrows

Thinning eyebrows or eyebrows that have turned grey or white and wiry with age are a common problem with men and women. This may lead many people to think about the possible upsides of getting eyebrow tattoos.

What are the most common causes for thinning or wiry eyebrow? There are many things that can cause thinning eyebrows, such as:

  1. Aging: which are often driven in part by genetics: very common cause of thinning eyebrow hair which cannot be avoided. As we age our hair tends to get thinner and hair growth slows. Hair that turn grey or white is often a different texture than darker hair, and can lead to wiry, out of control eyebrow hair.
  2. Nutrient Deficiency & Hair Growth: deficiencies in nutrients that negatively affect the hair on the scalp can lead also to sparse or wiry eyebrows. So healthy diet is very important to have a healthy scalp and eyebrow hairs.
  • Biotin (Vitamin B7) has a role in strengthening and conditioning our hair (commonly found in eggs).
  • Vitamin B12, its deficiency can cause weak or brittle hair shafts.
  • Vitamin D, a common deficiency and vitamin D, helps in activation of hair growth but, if deficiency usually easily treated.
  • Even iron and zinc may help hair follicles produce hair at a faster rate and found in lean meat or lentils. Both common to find their deficiencies in gastric sleeve patients.
  • Adequate protein is also needed to encourage healthy hair growth and needed to repair damaged hair.
  • Omega-3 fatty acids have shown to hydrae damaged hair and found in fatty fish like salmon.
  1. Over-Plucking or over-zealous waxing: Tweezing is a seemingly safe method to groom the eyebrows, as result last longer than shaving. But, over-plucking actually can damage the hair follicles and lead to permanent eyebrow hair loss and are often the most common cause of eyebrow loss; whilst most avoidable, it happens to nearly all of us who groom our brows.
  1. Hypothyroidism: another medical reason for thinning and wiry eyebrows but it can also cause full loss of lateral part of the eyebrow. Usually getting better after treatment of hypothyroidism.
  2. Atopic Dermatitis: known also as atopic eczema, medical condition that might lead to thin eyebrows. It affects around 20% of population in their lives and is more common in younger children. When it affects the eyebrows, the skin around it will be red and itchy.

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This document is designed to supply useful information but is not to be regarded as advice specific to any particular case. It does not replace the need for a thorough consultation and all prospective patients should seek the advice of a qualified physician

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